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midi-monitor [2021/02/01 20:31]
shane [User interface and functions]
midi-monitor [2022/02/04 15:10]
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-====== MIDI Monitor ====== 
-Unify's built-in **MIDI Monitor** plug-in is a simple utility that helps troubleshoot MIDI issues by displaying MIDI activity. It's easiest to use in an Instrument slot, but can be used anywhere in Unify, as it passes MIDI messages through unchanged. 
-To understand MIDI data flow in Unify, see [[midi-details|How Unify processes MIDI data]]. 
-===== Instantiating MIDI Monitor in Unify ===== 
-//MIDI Monitor// can be inserted or swapped into //any// plug-in slot in Unify. 
-==== In an Instrument slot ==== 
-//MIDI Monitor// was originally designed for use as an instrument plug-in. Click on the "ops button" (concentric circles icon) in any INST layer's instrument box, and choose "Swap: All Instruments > Built-in" and select "MIDI Monitor" from the menu. 
-This provides a quick way to check on the MIDI stream that //would be seen by an actual instrument plug-in// in that slot, but because it doesn't produce any sound, does not allow you to correlate MIDI messages you see to sounds you hear. 
-==== In a MIDI-effect slot ==== 
-Since the addition of MIDI-effect slots on INST channels in Unify v1.x, you will often find it more useful to add an instance of //MIDI Monitor// to the MIDI-effect chain on an INST layer. Click the brown //add effect// icon (plus sign in a circle), choose "Add > All Effects > Built-in" and select "MIDI Monitor". 
-You can also put //MIDI Monitor// instance(s) into MIDI layers, and drag it around to see how various other MIDI plug-ins affect the MIDI data stream. 
-==== In an Audio-effect slot ==== 
-Unify does route MIDI to some audio-effects (see [[midi-details|How Unify processes MIDI data]]). If you want to put an instance of //MIDI Monitor// into an audio-effect slot, you can do so, but because it's considered an "instrument" it won't appear in the "All Effects" menus. You will thus have to add it to one of your audio-effect plug-in subsets, as described below. 
-==== Adding MIDI Monitor to plug-in subsets ==== 
-If you find yourself using //MIDI Monitor// a lot, you may want to add it to one or more of your personal plug-in subsets. See [[plugin-subsets|Defining subsets for quick access to your favorite plug-ins]]. 
-===== User interface and functions ===== 
-MIDI Monitor's user interface is divided into a fixed-height //Filtering// area at the top, and an adjustable //display area// below. The entire window is resizable by dragging the lower-right corner or edges, to make more space for the display area. 
-The //display area// lists MIDI events as they are received, one per line. Each event is displayed with 
-  * Time in milliseconds (relative to when //MIDI Monitor// was first instantiated, OR the last time the **Clear** button was clicked) 
-  * MIDI Channel number (for events which have an associated channel number) 
-  * Text description (see below) 
-The **Clear** button at the top right clears the display area, and also (starting in Unify v1.3.x) resets the time relative to which MIDI event-times are displayed. 
-The **MIDI Ch** pop-up menu lets you select whether MIDI Monitor shows incoming messages on all MIDI channels, or only one selected channel. 
-The four check-boxes in the //Filtering// area allow you to specify whether or not certain types of MIDI events will appear in the display: 
-  * **System-Common and Real-Time** (NOT shown by default) 
-    * Certain MIDI controllers (especially older Yamaha keyboards) produce a continuous stream of MIDI control and timing messages, which were used for synchronization with older MIDI sequencing hardware. It is useful to suppress display of these messages, in order to monitor e.g. note/CC data. 
-    * Note the MIDI //System-Common// message category also includes //System Exclusive// messages, which are typically very large, and used for device-specific functions. 
-  * **Note on/off** events correspond to MIDI keys going down and up. 
-    * Every note-on has a //note number// (nn) in the range 0-127 (middle C = 60) 
-    * Every note-on also has a //velocity//, also in the range 0-127, where 1 is very soft and 127 is very loud. Velocity value 0 is a special case, and is used by some MIDI controllers instead of a note-off event. 
-  * **CC** or //Continuous Controller// events are most commonly associated with control sliders/knobs 
-    * Every CC message has a //CC number// (0-127) and a //value// (also 0-127, min to max) 
-    * Many CC numbers have associated "standard interpretation"; this is indicated where applicable 
-    * Some CC numbers are traditionally used for special functions, rather than indicating actual //continuous controller// activity. For example, CC#0 is used for //bank select//, and CC#32 may also be used to extend the bank selection to a 14-bit value (aka "sub bank"). Unify is quite capable of interpreting even these "non-CC" messages to e.g. control Macro knobs, and furthermore, several commercial MIDI controllers (notably the KORG nanoKontrol) use such "non-CC" messages in this way. 
-===== Further reading ===== 
-A full explanation of MIDI messaging is outside the scope of this manual page. See e.g. 
-  * https://www.midi.org/specifications-old/item/table-1-summary-of-midi-message 
-  * https://www.midi.org/specifications 
-  * https://www.midi.org/midi-articles/about-midi-part-3-midi-messages 
midi-monitor.txt ยท Last modified: 2022/02/04 15:10 (external edit)